{"id":"001072289","ftid":"","publish_status":"publish","fileupdatetime":"1492723231","cheadline":"\u7f8e\u56fd\u5bf9\u94a2\u94c1\u8fdb\u53e3\u5c55\u5f00\u56fd\u5bb6\u5b89\u5168\u8c03\u67e5","cskylineheadline":"","cskylinetext":"","clongleadbody":"\u6b64\u6b21\u4ee5\u56fd\u5bb6\u5b89\u5168\u4e3a\u7531\u7684\u8c03\u67e5\uff0c\u53ef\u80fd\u5bfc\u81f4\u7f8e\u56fd\u5bf9\u94a2\u94c1\u8fdb\u53e3\u5b9e\u65bd\u5168\u9762\u5173\u7a0e\uff0c\u6216\u6210\u4e3a\u7279\u6717\u666e\u603b\u7edf\u7684\u9996\u9879\u91cd\u5927\u4fdd\u62a4\u4e3b\u4e49\u884c\u52a8\u3002","cshortleadbody":"","cbyline":"0","cbody":"

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\u8bd1\u8005\/\u9a6c\u67ef\u65af<\/p>\r\n","eskylineheadline":"","eskylinetext":"N3","eheadline":"Trump sets stage for global clashes over steel imports","elongleadbody":"","eshortleadbody":"","ebyline":"0","ebody":"

The US has set the stage for a global showdown over steel, launching a national security probe that could lead to sweeping tariffs on steel imports in what would be the first significant act of protectionism by President Donald Trump.<\/p>\r\n

The decision to use a 1962 law allowing the US government to limit imports that threaten security readiness is intended to deliver on Mr Trump\u2019s campaign promise to bolster heavy industry and \u201cput new American steel into the spine of this country\u201d, officials said.<\/p>\r\n

But it risks setting off trade tensions with China just days after Mr Trump avoided another conflict by backing down on a promise to label Beijing a currency manipulator, citing in part its help in dealing with North Korea.<\/p>\r\n

Mr Trump called the move a \u201chistoric day for American steel\u201d but insisted it \u201chas nothing to do with China\u201d. \u201cThis has to do with worldwide, what\u2019s happening,\u201d he said.<\/p>\r\n

The push on steel came as Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund, repeated a warning that protectionism represented a serious threat to global growth.<\/p>\r\n

But Ms Lagarde, who has been locked in a rhetorical battle over protectionism with Wilbur Ross, Mr Trump\u2019s commerce secretary, sought to engage with the White House by acknowledging a need for changes in global trade. Echoing some of Mr Trump\u2019s criticism of the multilateral system, the former French finance minister said there were increasing signs countries were violating global trading rules.<\/p>\r\n

Mr Ross said the administration was concerned that rising steel imports were threatening the US industry and its ability to respond quickly to security needs.<\/p>\r\n

The issue was particularly relevant because of Mr Trump\u2019s plans to increase spending on defence programmes, such as warships, that rely on steel, he said.<\/p>\r\n

The US in recent years has launched 152 steel anti-dumping cases at the World Trade Organisation, with another 25 pending, but Mr Ross said the trade dispute system was \u201cporous\u201d because it allowed only narrowly-focused complaints against specific countries.<\/p>\r\n

\u201cWe\u2019re groping here to see whether the facts warrant a more comprehensive solution that would deal with a very wide range of steel products from a very wide range of countries,\u201d he said.<\/p>\r\n

Any such action by the US would be likely to hurt steel producers in Europe and Asia, and trigger reprisals.<\/p>\r\n

The US steel industry has blamed Chinese overcapacity for driving down global prices and causing it to shut down mills. The sector is operating at only 71 per cent of its capacity with imports accounting for more than a quarter of the US steel market, Mr Ross said.<\/p>\r\n

While Mr Trump has promised a hardline trade policy since taking office, his biggest action to date has been to pull the US out of a vast, but never finalised, 12-country Pacific trade deal. Most other moves have thus far been largely rhetorical.<\/p>\r\n","cbyline_description":"\u82f1\u56fd\u300a\u91d1\u878d\u65f6\u62a5\u300b","cauthor":"\u8096\u6069\u2022\u5510\u5357","cbyline_status":"\u534e\u76db\u987f\u62a5\u9053","ebyline_description":"By","eauthor":"Shawn Donnan","ebyline_status":"in Washington","thumblink":null,"tag":"\u5168\u7403\u8d38\u6613,\u5173\u7a0e,\u94a2\u94c1\u4e1a,\u7279\u6717\u666e","genre":"news","topic":"economy,trade","industry":"","area":"usa","scoop":"no","original":"no","show_english":"no","column":"","pubdate":"1492704000","suppressad":"0","accessright":"0","adchannel":"","breadcrumb":"0","headlinesize":"0","customlink":"","last_publish_time":"1492725458","priority":"27","story_pic":{"smallbutton":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/7\/000069537_piclink.jpg","other":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/7\/000069537_piclink.jpg"},"relative_story":[{"id":"001072274","cheadline":"FT\u793e\u8bc4\uff1a\u4e70\u7f8e\u56fd\u8d27\u3001\u96c7\u7f8e\u56fd\u4eba\u7684\u5f0a\u7aef","eheadline":"Leader_The pitfalls of having to buy and hire American","last_publish_time":"1492662719","clongleadbody":"\u7279\u6717\u666e\u4e0b\u4ee4\u5bf9\u6709\u5173\u4e70\u7f8e\u56fd\u8d27\u3001\u96c7\u7f8e\u56fd\u4eba\u7684\u653f\u7b56\u8fdb\u884c\u8bc4\u4f30\uff0c\u5176\u7ed3\u679c\u6709\u5f85\u89c2\u5bdf\u3002\u4f46\u7f8e\u56fd\u5e94\u7ee7\u7eed\u5bf9\u5916\u56fd\u597d\u4ea7\u54c1\u3001\u597d\u4eba\u624d\u5f00\u653e\u3002","tag":"\u7279\u6717\u666e,\u7f8e\u56fd\u653f\u6cbb","story_pic":{"smallbutton":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/5\/000069345_piclink.jpg","other":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/5\/000069345_piclink.jpg"},"from_memcache":true},{"id":"001072273","cheadline":"IMF\uff1a\u7f8e\u56fd\u8d22\u653f\u6269\u5f20\u6216\u81f4\u4f01\u4e1a\u96be\u4ee5\u507f\u503a","eheadline":"US debt binge threatens to blunt Trump economy plan, says IMF","last_publish_time":"1492640525","clongleadbody":"IMF\u8b66\u544a\uff0c\u5982\u679c\u7279\u6717\u666e\u7684\u8ba1\u5212\u52a0\u5927\u9884\u7b97\u8d64\u5b57\u5e76\u63a8\u5347\u901a\u80c0\uff0c\u5c06\u8feb\u4f7f\u7f8e\u8054\u50a8\u52a0\u606f\u63d0\u901f\uff0c\u63a8\u9ad8\u7f8e\u56fd\u4f01\u4e1a\u7684\u501f\u6b3e\u6210\u672c\u3002","tag":"\u7f8e\u56fd\u7ecf\u6d4e,IMF,\u7279\u6717\u666e,\u7f8e\u8054\u50a8","story_pic":{"smallbutton":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/5\/000069375_piclink.jpg","other":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/5\/000069375_piclink.jpg"}},{"id":"001072258","cheadline":"\u7279\u6717\u666e\u7b7e\u7f72\u201c\u4e70\u7f8e\u56fd\u8d27\uff0c\u96c7\u7f8e\u56fd\u4eba\u201d\u884c\u653f\u4ee4","eheadline":"Donald Trump signs \u2018Buy American, Hire American\u2019 order","last_publish_time":"1492578646","clongleadbody":"\u8be5\u884c\u653f\u4ee4\u8981\u6c42\u6253\u51fb\u9762\u5411\u6280\u672f\u5de5\u4eba\u7684H-1B\u7b7e\u8bc1\u8ba1\u5212\u4e2d\u7684\u6b3a\u8bc8\u548c\u6ee5\u7528\u884c\u4e3a\uff0c\u5e76\u547c\u5401\u8054\u90a6\u653f\u5e9c\u5f3a\u5316\u5176\u5404\u79cd\u201c\u4e70\u7f8e\u56fd\u8d27\u201d\u89c4\u5b9a\u3002","tag":"\u7279\u6717\u666e,\u7f8e\u56fd\u653f\u6cbb,\u4fdd\u62a4\u4e3b\u4e49,\u8d38\u6613","story_pic":{"smallbutton":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/1\/000069491_piclink.jpg","other":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/1\/000069491_piclink.jpg"}},{"id":"001072245","cheadline":"\u7279\u6717\u666e\u4e3aIMF\u548c\u4e16\u884c\u5e26\u6765\u53d8\u6570","eheadline":"How a Trump presidency poses big questions for IMF and World Bank","last_publish_time":"1492554406","clongleadbody":"\u5373\u5c06\u53ec\u5f00\u7684IMF\u548c\u4e16\u884c\u4f1a\u8bae\u7b3c\u7f69\u7740\u4e0d\u786e\u5b9a\u7684\u9634\u4e91\u3002\u5c1a\u4e0d\u6e05\u695a\u7f8e\u56fd\u65b0\u653f\u5e9c\u5bf9\u8fd9\u4e24\u4e2a\u673a\u6784\u6709\u4f55\u8ba1\u5212\uff0c\u4f46\u7279\u6717\u666e\u4e0a\u53f0\u5df2\u5bf9\u4e8c\u8005\u4ea7\u751f\u5f71\u54cd\u3002","tag":"\u5168\u7403\u5316,\u7279\u6717\u666e,\u7f8e\u56fd\u7ecf\u6d4e,\u5168\u7403\u7ecf\u6d4e","story_pic":{"smallbutton":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/9\/000038869_piclink_735_449.jpg","other":"http:\/\/i.ftimg.net\/picture\/9\/000038869_piclink_735_449.jpg"}}],"relative_vstory":[{"id":"2249","cheadline":"\u3010\u79d2\u61c2\u3011\u7279\u6717\u666e\u4e3a\u4f55\u6536\u7d27H-1B\u7b7e\u8bc1\uff1f","clongleadbody":"\u7279\u6717\u666e\u672c\u5468\u7b7e\u7f72\u65b0\u884c\u653f\u4ee4\uff1a\u4e70\u7f8e\u56fd\u8d27\uff0c\u96c7\u7f8e\u56fd\u4eba\uff0c\u5c06\u6539\u9769\u9488\u5bf9\u5916\u56fd\u96c7\u5458\u7684H-1B\u7b7e\u8bc1\u653f\u7b56\u3002\u6b64\u4e3e\u76ee\u7684\u4f55\u5728\uff1f"}]}